Design patterns for container-based distributed systems

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, object-oriented pro-
gramming revolutionized software development, popu-
larizing the approach of building of applications as col-
lections of modular components. Today we are seeing
a similar revolution in distributed system development,
with the increasing popularity of microservice archi-
tectures built from containerized software components.
Containers [15] [22] [1] [2] are particularly well-suited
as the fundamental “object” in distributed systems by
virtue of the walls they erect at the container bound-
ary. As this architectural style matures, we are seeing the
emergence of design patterns, much as we did for object-
oriented programs, and for the same reason – thinking in
terms of objects (or containers) abstracts away the low-
level details of code, eventually revealing higher-level
patterns that are common to a variety of applications and
algorithms.
This paper describes three types of design patterns
that we have observed emerging in container-based dis-
tributed systems: single-container patterns for container
management, single-node patterns of closely cooperat-
ing containers, and multi-node patterns for distributed
algorithms. Like object-oriented patterns before them,
these patterns for distributed computation encode best
practices, simplify development, and make the systems
where they are used more reliable.

Source: https://static.googleusercontent.com/media/research.google.com/en//pubs/archive/45406.pdf

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